also near-by, "close at hand, not far off," late 14c., from near (adv.) + by (adv.). As a preposition from mid-15c.; as an adjective by 1858. Middle English also had ner-honde "near-hand; near in space or time" (c. 1300).
she works nearby
the planets orbiting nearby are Venus and Mars
the nearby towns
concentrated his study on the nearby planet Venus