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naturalism (n.)

1630s, "action based on natural instincts," from natural (adj.) + -ism. In philosophy, as a view of the world and humanity's relationship to it involving natural forces only (and excluding spiritualism and superstition), from 1750. As a tendency in art and literature, "conformity to nature or reality, but without slavish fidelity to it," from 1850.

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Definitions of naturalism from WordNet

naturalism (n.)
(philosophy) the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms without recourse to spiritual or supernatural explanations;
naturalism (n.)
an artistic movement in 19th century France; artists and writers strove for detailed realistic and factual description;
Synonyms: realism
From wordnet.princeton.edu