Etymology
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name (n.)

"word by which a person or thing is denoted," Old English nama, noma "name, reputation," from Proto-Germanic *naman- (source also of Old Saxon namo, Old Frisian nama, Old High German namo, German Name, Middle Dutch name, Dutch naam, Old Norse nafn, Gothic namo "name"), from PIE root *no-men- "name."

Meaning "a famous person" is from 1610s (man of name "man of distinction" is from c. 1400). Meaning "one's reputation, that which is commonly said of a person" is from c. 1300. As a modifier meaning "well-known," it is attested by 1938.

In the name of "in behalf of, by authority of," used in invocations, etc., is by late 14c. Name-day "the day sacred to the saint whose name a person bears" is by 1721. Name brand "product made by a well-known company" is from 1944. Name-dropper "person who seeks to impress others by mentioning well-known persons in a familiar way" is by 1947. Name-child, one named out of regard for another, is attested by 1830. The name of the game "the essential thing or quality" is from 1966; to have one's name in lights "be a famous performer" is by 1908.

"I don't realize yet how fortunate I am. It seems that I have been dreaming. When I see my name in lights in front of the theatre, I think, 'No. It isn't I.' " [Billie Burke interview in "The Theatre Magazine," Nov. 1908]

Origin and meaning of name

name (v.)

Old English namian "to bestow a particular name upon, call, mention by name; nominate, appoint," from Proto-Germanic *nōmōjanan (source also of Old Saxon namon, Old Frisian nomia "to name, call," Middle Dutch noemen, namen), from the source of name (n.). Related: Named; naming.

Origin and meaning of name

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Definitions of name
1
name (v.)
assign a specified (usually proper) proper name to;
They named their son David
The new school was named after the famous Civil Rights leader
Synonyms: call / know as / be known as
name (v.)
give the name or identifying characteristics of; refer to by name or some other identifying characteristic property;
Many senators were named in connection with the scandal
Synonyms: identify
name (v.)
charge with a function; charge to be;
She was named Head of the Committee
Synonyms: nominate / make
name (v.)
create and charge with a task or function;
Synonyms: appoint / nominate / constitute
name (v.)
mention and identify by name;
name your accomplices!
name (v.)
make reference to;
His name was mentioned in connection with the invention
Synonyms: mention / advert / bring up / cite / refer
name (v.)
identify as in botany or biology, for example;
Synonyms: identify / discover / key / key out / distinguish / describe
name (v.)
give or make a list of; name individually; give the names of;
Synonyms: list
name (v.)
determine or distinguish the nature of a problem or an illness through a diagnostic analysis;
Synonyms: diagnose
2
name (n.)
a language unit by which a person or thing is known;
his name really is George Washington
those are two names for the same thing
name (n.)
a person's reputation;
he wanted to protect his good name
name (n.)
family based on male descent;
he had no sons and there was no one to carry on his name
Synonyms: gens
name (n.)
a well-known or notable person;
they studied all the great names in the history of France
Synonyms: figure / public figure
name (n.)
by the sanction or authority of;
halt in the name of the law
name (n.)
a defamatory or abusive word or phrase;
Synonyms: epithet
From wordnet.princeton.edu