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nabob (n.)

1610s, "deputy governor of an Indian province under the Mogul Empire," Anglo-Indian, from Hindi nabab, from Arabic nuwwab, honorific plural of na'ib "viceroy, deputy," from base n-w-b "to take someone's place." Also used colloquially of Europeans who came home from India having made a fortune there, hence "very rich man" (1764).

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Definitions of nabob

nabob (n.)
a governor in India during the Mogul empire;
Synonyms: nawab
nabob (n.)
a wealthy man (especially one who made his fortune in the Orient);
From wordnet.princeton.edu