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musical (adj.)

early 15c., "pertaining to music;" mid-15c., "tuneful, harmonious;" late 15c., "adept at making music," from Medieval Latin musicalis, from Latin musica (see music).  Related: Musically. Musical box is from 1829. Children's or parlor game musical chairs is attested from 1862, hence use of musical as a modifier meaning "changing rapidly from one to another possessor" (1924).

Instrumental and vocal music, the quadrille and country-dance, occupy a portion of the time. No waltzing is however permitted. After dancing, round games follow, as Terza, "The Post," Musical Chairs, Cross Questions, all tending to amuse and promote exercise, until the partial extinguishing of the gas, at ten p.m., gives warning of approaching bedtime. [The Rev. R. Wodrow Thomson, "Ben Rhydding, the Asclepia of England," 1862]

In mid-19c. makers of musical boxes also advertised musical chairs, "playing beautiful tunes simply by the weight of the person sitting in them."

musical (n.)

"film or theatrical piece (other than opera) in which music figures prominently," 1937, from musical (adj.) in musical play. Earlier as a noun it meant "musical instrument" (c. 1500), "musical performance" (1570s); "musical party" (1823, a sense now in musicale).

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Definitions of musical from WordNet
1
musical (adj.)
characterized by or capable of producing music;
a musical evening
musical instruments
musical (adj.)
talented in or devoted to music;
comes from a very musical family
musical (adj.)
characteristic of or resembling or accompanied by music;
a musical comedy
a musical speaking voice
musical (adj.)
containing or constituting or characterized by pleasing melody;
Synonyms: melodious / melodic
2
musical (n.)
a play or film whose action and dialogue is interspersed with singing and dancing;
Synonyms: musical comedy / musical theater
From wordnet.princeton.edu