Etymology
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move (v.)

late 13c., meven, in various senses (see below), from Anglo-French mover, Old French movoir "to move, get moving, set out; set in motion; introduce" (Modern French mouvoir), from Latin movere "move, set in motion; remove; disturb" (past participle motus, frequentative motare), from PIE root *meue- "to push away."

Of the physical meanings, the earliest in English (late 13c.) is the intransitive one of "change one's place or posture, stir, shift; move the body; move from one's place, change position. That of "to go (from one place to another), journey, travel; set out, proceed" is from c. 1300. The transitive sense of "cause to change place or position; shift; dislodge; set in motion" is from late 14c., as is that of "impart motion to, impel; set or sustain in motion." The intransitive sense of "pass from place to place; journey; travel; change position continuously or occasionally" is from c. 1300.

The emotional, figurative, and non-material senses also are mostly from Middle English: The earliest is "excite to action; influence; induce; incite; arouse; awaken" the senses or mental faculties or emotions (late 13c.); specifically "affect (someone) emotionally, rouse to pity or tenderness" by early 14c. Hence also "influence (someone, to do something), guide, prompt or impel toward some action" (late 14c.).

The sense of "propose; bring forward; offer formally; submit," as a motion for consideration by a deliberative assembly" is by early 15c. Sense of "to change one's place of residence" is from 1707. In chess, checkers, and similar games, "to change the position of a piece in the course of play," late 15c. Commercial sense of "sell, cause to be sold" is by 1900.

The policeman's order to move on is attested by 1831. To move heaven and earth "make extraordinary efforts" is by 1798. Related: Moved;moving.

move (n.)

mid-15c., "a proposal" (a sense now obsolete), from move (v.). From 1650s in chess, checkers, etc. Meaning "act of moving from a stationary position, a change of position or relation" is by 1827. Meaning "a change of habitation" is by 1853. Meaning "a particular action or motion" is by 1939. Phrase on the move "in the process of going from one place to another" is by 1779; get a move on "hurry up" is American English colloquial from 1888 (also, and perhaps originally, get a move on you).

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Definitions of move
1
move (v.)
change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically;
The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell
Synonyms: travel / go / locomote
move (v.)
cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense;
The director moved more responsibilities onto his new assistant
Synonyms: displace
move (v.)
move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion;
He moved his hand slightly to the right
move (v.)
change residence, affiliation, or place of employment;
The basketball player moved from one team to another
We moved from Idaho to Nebraska
move (v.)
follow a procedure or take a course;
Synonyms: go / proceed
move (v.)
be in a state of action;
Synonyms: be active
move (v.)
go or proceed from one point to another;
the debate moved from family values to the economy
move (v.)
perform an action, or work out or perform (an action);
We must move quickly
Synonyms: act
move (v.)
have an emotional or cognitive impact upon;
Synonyms: affect / impress / strike
move (v.)
give an incentive for action;
This moved me to sacrifice my career
Synonyms: motivate / actuate / propel / prompt / incite
move (v.)
arouse sympathy or compassion in;
Her fate moved us all
move (v.)
dispose of by selling;
The chairman of the company told the salesmen to move the computers
move (v.)
progress by being changed;
Synonyms: go / run
move (v.)
live one's life in a specified environment;
she moves in certain circles only
move (v.)
have a turn; make one's move in a game;
Synonyms: go
move (v.)
propose formally; in a debate or parliamentary meeting;
Synonyms: make a motion
2
move (n.)
the act of deciding to do something;
he didn't make a move to help
his first move was to hire a lawyer
move (n.)
the act of changing your residence or place of business;
they say that three moves equal one fire
Synonyms: relocation
move (n.)
a change of position that does not entail a change of location;
an impatient move of his hand
Synonyms: motion / movement / motility
move (n.)
the act of changing location from one place to another;
his move put him directly in my path
Synonyms: motion / movement
move (n.)
(game) a player's turn to take some action permitted by the rules of the game;
From wordnet.princeton.edu