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motion (n.)

late 14c., mocioun, "process of moving; change of place, continuous variation of position;" also "suggestion, proposal or proposition formally made," from Old French mocion "movement, motion; change, alteration" (13c., Modern French motion) and directly from Latin motionem (nominative motio) "a moving, a motion; an emotion," from past-participle stem of movere "to move" (from PIE root *meue- "to push away").

From c. 1400 in legal sense of "application to a court or judge." To be in motion "in a state of motion" is from c. 1600; to set in motion "set working" is from 1590s. To go through the motions in the figurative sense of "pretend, do in a perfunctory manner" is by 1816 from the notion of "simulate the motions of." Motion picture is attested from 1896; motion sickness by 1942.

Rev. G.S. White said : The Presbytery does not favour the proposition of the Richmond Convention, and thinks the appointment of the Committee unnecessary; yet I suppose, that like the man who had nothing to eat, yet always spread the table, and sat down, and went through the motions--so we, according to our brother, are in honour bound, to appoint the Committee and go through the motions!--[Laughter] [The Presbyterian Magazine, May, 1858]

motion (v.)

late 15c., "to request, petition" (obsolete), from motion (n.). The sense in parliamentary procedure, "to propose, move" is by 1747; with meaning "to guide or direct by a significant sign, gesture, or movement," as with the hand or head, it is attested from 1787. Related: Motioned; motioning.

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Definitions of motion from WordNet
1
motion (n.)
the use of movements (especially of the hands) to communicate familiar or prearranged signals;
Synonyms: gesture
motion (n.)
a natural event that involves a change in the position or location of something;
Synonyms: movement
motion (n.)
a change of position that does not entail a change of location;
the reflex motion of his eyebrows revealed his surprise
Synonyms: movement / move / motility
motion (n.)
a state of change;
they were in a state of steady motion
motion (n.)
a formal proposal for action made to a deliberative assembly for discussion and vote;
he made a motion to adjourn
Synonyms: question
motion (n.)
the act of changing location from one place to another;
police controlled the motion of the crowd
Synonyms: movement / move
motion (n.)
an optical illusion of motion produced by viewing a rapid succession of still pictures of a moving object;
the cinema relies on apparent motion
Synonyms: apparent motion / apparent movement / movement
2
motion (v.)
show, express or direct through movement;
Synonyms: gesticulate / gesture
From wordnet.princeton.edu