Etymology
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monument (n.)

late 13c., "a sepulchre," from Old French monument "grave, tomb, monument," and directly from Latin monumentum "a monument, memorial structure, statue; votive offering; tomb; memorial record," literally "something that reminds," a derivative of monere "to remind, bring to (one's) recollection, tell (of)," from PIE *moneie- "to make think of, remind," suffixed (causative) form of root *men- (1) "to think." Meaning "any enduring evidence or example" is from 1520s; sense of "structure or edifice to commemorate a notable person, action, period, or event" is attested from c. 1600.

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Definitions of monument

monument (n.)
a structure erected to commemorate persons or events;
Synonyms: memorial
monument (n.)
an important site that is marked and preserved as public property;
monument (n.)
a burial vault (usually for some famous person);
Synonyms: repository
From wordnet.princeton.edu