1690s, from Church Latin Monophysita, from Greek monophysites, from monos "single, alone" (from PIE root *men- (4) "small, isolated") + physis "nature" (from PIE root *bheue- "to be, exist, grow"). A Christian (regarded in the West as a heretic) who believes there is only one nature, partly divine and partly human, in the person of Jesus Christ. Now comprising the Coptic, Armenian, Abyssinian and Jacobite churches. Related: Monophysitical; Monophysitism.

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