Etymology
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Words related to mono-

monomer (n.)

"compound from which a polymer might be formed," 1914, from mono- + Greek meros "part" (from PIE root *(s)mer- (2) "to get a share of something"). Related: Monomeric.

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monometallic (adj.)

1876 in reference to currency, "consisting of but one metal; comprising coins that consist of either gold or silver, but not both," from mono- "single" + metallic. Opposed tobimetallic. In chemistry, from 1861.

monomorphous (adj.)

"having one form only," by 1839, from mono- "one, single" + -morphic, from Greek morphē "form, shape" (see morphic). 

mononuclear (adj.)

"having a single nucleus," 1866; see mono- "single" + nuclear.

monophagous (adj.)

"eating only one kind of food," by 1849, of insects, from mono- "single" + -phagous "feeding on, eating." Greek monophagos meant "eating once a day."

monophobia (n.)

"morbid dread of being left alone," 1879, from mono- "alone" + -phobia "irrational fear of." Related: Monophobic.

monophonic (adj.)

of recordings, broadcasts, etc., "not stereo, having only one output signal," 1958, coined to be an opposite of stereophonic; from mono- "single" + -phonic, from Greek phōnē "sound, voice," from PIE root *bha- (2) "to speak, tell, say." It was used earlier in music, "pertaining to a style of composition in which one voice-part predominates over the others" (opposed to polyphonic), by 1885.

monoplane (n.)

1907, a hybrid coined from mono- "single" + second element of aeroplane. In old planes the wings formed a single surface running across the fuselage.

monopode (n.)

"one of a fabulous race of men believed to live in the tropics and have but one leg with a single enormous foot," 1816, from Modern Latin monopodes, from mono- "single" + pod-, stem of Greek pous "foot" (from PIE root *ped- "foot").

monopolylogue (n.)

"entertainment in which one actor performs as many characters," by 1824; see mono- "one, single" + poly- "many" + -logue.

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