Etymology
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mold (n.1)

also mould, "hollow pattern of a particular form by which something is shaped or made," c. 1200, originally in a figurative sense, "fashion, form; nature, native constitution, character," metathesized from Old French modle "model, plan, copy; way, manner" (12c., Modern French moule), from Latin modulum (nominative modulus) "measure, model," diminutive of modus "manner" (from PIE root *med- "take appropriate measures").

By c. 1300 as "form into which molten metal, etc., is run to obtain a cast." By 1570s as "a form of metal or earthenware (later plastic) to give shape to jellies or other food. Figurative use of break the mold "render impossible the creation of another" is from 1560s.

mold (n.2)

also mould, "minute, furry fungus," especially the types growing on neglected food and decaying organic matter, c. 1400, molde, probably from moulde, past participle of moulen "to grow moldy" (early 13c.), related to Old Norse mygla "grow moldy," possibly from Proto-Germanic *(s)muk- indicating "wetness, slipperiness," from PIE *meug- (see mucus). Or it might have evolved from (or been influenced by) Old English molde "loose earth" (see mold (n.3)).

mold (n.3)

"fine, soft, loose earth," Old English molde "earth, sand, dust, soil; land, country, world," from Proto-Germanic *mulda (source also of Old Frisian molde "earth, soil," Old Norse mold "earth," Middle Dutch moude, Dutch moude, Old High German molta "dust, earth," Gothic mulda "dust"), from PIE root *mele- "to crush, grind." Specifically, since late (Christian) Old English, "the earth of the grave." Also, from c. 1300 as "earth as the substance out of which God made man; the 'dust' to which human flesh returns."

The proper spelling is mold, like gold (which is exactly parallel phonetically); but mould has long been in use, and is still commonly preferred in Great Britain. [Century Dictionary, 1897]

mold (v.)

also mould, mid-14c., "to mix, blend (something) by kneading;" late 14c. "to knead (bread), form into a particular shape," from mold (n.1). Figurative sense (of character, etc.) is from c. 1600. Related: Molded; molding.

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Definitions of mold
1
mold (n.)
the distinctive form in which a thing is made;
Synonyms: cast / mould / stamp
mold (n.)
container into which liquid is poured to create a given shape when it hardens;
Synonyms: mould / cast
mold (n.)
loose soil rich in organic matter;
Synonyms: mould
mold (n.)
the process of becoming mildewed;
Synonyms: mildew / mould
mold (n.)
a fungus that produces a superficial growth on various kinds of damp or decaying organic matter;
Synonyms: mould
mold (n.)
a dish or dessert that is formed in or on a mold;
a lobster mold
a gelatin dessert made in a mold
Synonyms: mould
mold (n.)
a distinctive nature, character, or type;
a leader in the mold of her predecessors
Synonyms: mould
mold (n.)
sculpture produced by molding;
Synonyms: mould / molding / moulding / modeling / clay sculpture
2
mold (v.)
form in clay, wax, etc;
Synonyms: model / mould
mold (v.)
become moldy; spoil due to humidity;
The furniture molded in the old house
Synonyms: mildew
mold (v.)
form by pouring (e.g., wax or hot metal) into a cast or mold;
Synonyms: cast / mould
mold (v.)
make something, usually for a specific function;
She molded the rice balls carefully
Synonyms: shape / form / work / mould / forge
mold (v.)
fit tightly, follow the contours of;
The dress molds her beautiful figure
mold (v.)
shape or influence; give direction to;
mold public opinion
From wordnet.princeton.edu