Etymology
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microscope (n.)

"optical instrument which by means of a lens or lenses magnifies and renders visible minute objects or details of visible bodies," 1650s, from Modern Latin microscopium, literally "an instrument for viewing what is small;" see micro- + -scope. The dim southern constellation Microscopium was among those introduced by La Caille in 1752.

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Definitions of microscope

microscope (n.)
magnifier of the image of small objects;
the invention of the microscope led to the discovery of the cell
From wordnet.princeton.edu