Etymology
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mercantilism (n.)

"a mercantile spirit or character; devotion (or excess devotion) to trade and commerce," 1834, from French mercantilisme; see mercantile + -ism. By 1881 as "the mercantile system." Related: Mercantilist; mercantilistic.

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Definitions of mercantilism

mercantilism (n.)
an economic system (Europe in 18th century) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests;
Synonyms: mercantile system
mercantilism (n.)
transactions (sales and purchases) having the objective of supplying commodities (goods and services);
Synonyms: commerce / commercialism
From wordnet.princeton.edu