Etymology
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melancholia (n.)

"mental condition characterized by great depression, sluggishness, and aversion to mental action," 1690s, from Modern Latin melancholia (see melancholy).

updated on December 15, 2018

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Definitions of melancholia from WordNet

melancholia (n.)
extreme depression characterized by tearful sadness and irrational fears;
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.