Etymology
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mechanism (n.)

1660s, "the structure of a machine, engine, or other contrivance for controlling or utilizing natural forces," from Modern Latin mechanismus, from Greek mēkhanē "machine, instrument, device" (see machine (n.)). Sense of "a mechanical contrivance or agency of any kind" is from 1670s.

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Definitions of mechanism

mechanism (n.)
the atomic process that occurs during a chemical reaction;
he determined unique mechanisms for the photochemical reactions
Synonyms: chemical mechanism
mechanism (n.)
the technical aspects of doing something;
mechanisms of communication
a mechanism of social control
Synonyms: mechanics
mechanism (n.)
a natural object resembling a machine in structure or function;
the mechanism of the ear
the mechanism of infection
mechanism (n.)
(philosophy) the philosophical theory that all phenomena can be explained in terms of physical or biological causes;
mechanism (n.)
device consisting of a piece of machinery; has moving parts that perform some function;
From wordnet.princeton.edu