Etymology
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Words related to meat

mast (n.2)

"fallen nuts or acorns serving as food for animals." Old English mæst, the collective name for the fruit of the beech, oak, chestnut, and other forest trees, especially serving as food for swine, from Proto-Germanic *masto (source also of Dutch, Old High German, German mast "mast;" Old English verb mæsten "to fatten, feed"), perhaps from PIE *mad-sta-, from root *mad- "moist, wet," also used of various qualities of food (source also of Sanskrit madati "it bubbles, gladdens," medah "fat, marrow;" Latin madere "be sodden, be drunk;" Middle Persian mast "drunk;" Old English mete "food," Old High German muos "meal, mush-like food," Gothic mats "food").

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forcemeat (n.)
also force-meat, "mincemeat, meat chopped fine and seasoned," 1680s, from force "to stuff," a variant of farce (q.v.) + meat.
horse-meat (n.)
c. 1400, "food for horses," from horse (n.) + meat (n.). From 1853 as "horse-flesh."
lunchmeat (n.)
also lunch-meat, 1931, from lunch (n.) + meat (n.).
mate (n.1)

mid-14c., "associate, fellow, comrade;" late 14c.,"habitual companion, friend;" from Middle Low German mate, gemate "one eating at the same table, messmate," from Proto-Germanic *ga-matjon, meaning "(one) having food (*matiz) together (*ga-)." For *matiz, see meat. It is built on the same notion as companion (which is thought to be a loan-translation from Germanic). Cognate with German Maat "mate," Dutch maat "partner, colleague, friend."

Meaning "one of a wedded pair" is attested from 1540s. Used as a form of address by sailors, laborers, etc., at least since mid-15c. Meaning "officer on a merchant vessel" is from late 15c.; his duty is to oversee the execution of the orders of the master or commander.

meatball (n.)

"ground meat rolled up into a small ball," 1801, from meat + ball (n.1). As an insult to a person, by 1941.

meathead (n.)
"stupid person," 1945, from meat + head (n.).
meatless (adj.)
Old English meteleas "without food, without eating," see meat + -less. Meaning "without meat" is from mid-14c.
meaty (adj.)

"full of meat, fleshy," 1787, from meat (n.) + -y (2). Figurative sense "full of substance, pithy" is by 1881. Meaning "resembling meat" is by 1864. Related: Meatiness.

mincemeat (n.)

also mince-meat, "meat chopped small," hence, "anything broken into small pieces," 1660s, originally in the figurative sense (what someone plans to make of his enemy), an alteration of earlier minced meat (1570s); from mince (v.) + meat (n.).