Etymology
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Words related to mayor

*meg- 
Proto-Indo-European root meaning "great."

It forms all or part of: acromegaly; Almagest; Charlemagne; maestro; magisterial; magistral; magistrate; Magna Carta; magnate; magnitude; magnum; magnanimity; magnanimous; magni-; Magnificat; magnificence; magnificent; magnify; magniloquence; magniloquent; Magnus; maharajah; maharishi; mahatma; Mahayana; Maia; majesty; major; major-domo; majority; majuscule; master; maxim; maximum; may (v.2) "to take part in May Day festivities;" May; mayor; mega-; megalo-; mickle; Mister; mistral; mistress; much; omega.

It is the hypothetical source of/evidence for its existence is provided by: Armenian mets "great;" Sanskrit mahat- "great, mazah- "greatness;" Avestan mazant- "great;" Hittite mekkish "great, large;" Greek megas "great, large;" Latin magnus "great, large, much, abundant," major "greater," maximus "greatest;" Middle Irish mag, maignech "great, large;" Middle Welsh meith "long, great."
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mayoral (adj.)

"of or pertaining to a mayor or mayors," 1690s, from mayor + -al (1).

mayoralty (n.)

late 14c., mairaltee "office of a mayor" (mid-15c. as "tenure of a mayor"), from Old French mairalté, from maire (see mayor) + -alte, as in principalte, reformed in English as -alty (see -ality).

mayorship (n.)

"the office or dignity of a mayor," late 15c., from mayor + -ship.