Etymology
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mature (v.)

c. 1400, maturen, "encourage suppuration;" mid-15c., of plants, "cause to ripen, bring to maturity," from Latin mātūrare "to ripen, bring to maturity," from mātūrus "ripe, timely, early," related to māne "early, of the morning," from PIE *meh-tu- "ripeness." De Vaan writes that "The root is probably the same as in mānus 'good'." Intransitive sense of "come to a state of ripeness, become ripe or perfect" is from 1650s. The financial sense of "reach the time for payment" is by 1861. Related: Matured; maturing.

mature (adj.)

mid-15c., of fruits, "ripe, complete in natural growth or development," also, of deliberations, etc., "careful, well-considered, thorough," from Latin mātūrus "ripe, timely, early" (see mature (v.)). Of persons, "having fully developed powers of body and mind," c. 1600. The euphemistic sense of "older than usual" is by 1953.

updated on December 06, 2018

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Definitions of mature from WordNet
1
mature (v.)
develop and reach maturity; undergo maturation;
He matured fast
Synonyms: maturate / grow
mature (v.)
develop and work out fully in one's mind;
I need to mature my thoughts
mature (v.)
become due for repayment;
These bonds mature in 2005
mature (v.)
cause to ripen or develop fully;
Age matures a good wine
Synonyms: ripen
mature (v.)
grow old or older;
Synonyms: senesce / age / get on / maturate
mature (v.)
cause to ripen and discharge pus;
Synonyms: suppurate
2
mature (adj.)
characteristic of maturity;
mature for her age
mature (adj.)
fully considered and perfected;
mature plans
Synonyms: matured
mature (adj.)
having reached full natural growth or development;
a mature cell
mature (adj.)
(of birds) having developed feathers or plumage; often used in combination;
Synonyms: fledged
mature (adj.)
fully developed or matured and ready to be eaten or used;
full-bodied mature wines
Synonyms: ripe
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.