Etymology
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maturation (n.)

early 15c., maturacioun, "the coming to a head of a boil, etc.; a state of producing pus," from Latin mātūrationem (nominative mātūratio) "a hastening, accelerating," noun of action from past-participle stem of mātūrare "to ripen, grow ripe; make ripe; to quicken" (see mature (v.)). The sense of "process of ripening or coming to maturity" is from 1610s of children, 1620s of fruits.

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Definitions of maturation

maturation (n.)
coming to full development; becoming mature;
Synonyms: ripening / maturement
maturation (n.)
(biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level;
Synonyms: growth / growing / development / ontogeny / ontogenesis
maturation (n.)
(medicine) the formation of morbific matter in an abscess or a vesicle and the discharge of pus;
Synonyms: festering / suppuration
From wordnet.princeton.edu