Etymology
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matchlock (n.)

earliest form of the musket-lock, fired by means of a match in the form of a cord (called a match-cord), 1690s, from match (n.1), in reference to the firing mechanism, + lock (n.1) in the firearm sense (1540s). They were superseded by flint-locks toward the end of 17c.

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Definitions of matchlock

matchlock (n.)
an early style of musket; a slow-burning wick would be lowered into a hole in the breech to ignite the charge;
From wordnet.princeton.edu