Etymology
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marshal (n.)

mid-13c., "high officer of the royal court," charged with regulating ceremonies and maintaining order (early 13c. as a surname), from Old French mareschal "commanding officer of an army; officer in charge of a household" (Modern French maréchal), originally "stable officer, horse tender, groom" (Frankish Latin mariscaluis) from Frankish *marhskalk or a similar Germanic word, literally "horse-servant" (compare Old High German marahscalc "groom," Middle Dutch maerschalc).

This is from a Proto-Germanic compound of *markhaz "horse" (see mare (n.1)) + *skalkaz "servant" (source of Old English scealc "servant, retainer, member of a crew," Dutch schalk "rogue, wag," Gothic skalks "servant"). It corresponds to Old English horsþegn.

From early 14c. as "military commander, general in the army."  In the U.S., a civil officer appointed by the president (with advice and consent of the Senate) in each judicial district as the executive officer of the Supreme Court and the federal courts in his district. For sense development and the tendency of officers of the stable to become chief officers of royal households, compare constable. Also from Germanic are Italian scalco "steward," Spanish mariscal "marshal."

marshal (v.)

mid-15c., marshalen, "to tend (horses)," also "to arrange, place in order;" "arrange (soldiers) for fighting," from marshal (n.). Figurative use is by 1690s. Related: Marshaled; marshaling.

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Definitions of marshal
1
marshal (v.)
place in proper rank;
marshal the troops
marshal (v.)
arrange in logical order;
marshal facts or arguments
marshal (v.)
make ready for action or use;
marshal resources
Synonyms: mobilize / mobilise / summon
marshal (v.)
lead ceremoniously, as in a procession;
2
marshal (n.)
a law officer having duties similar to those of a sheriff in carrying out the judgments of a court of law;
Synonyms: marshall
marshal (n.)
(in some countries) a military officer of highest rank;
Synonyms: marshall
From wordnet.princeton.edu