Etymology
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mantle (n.)

Old English mentel "a loose, sleeveless garment worn as an outer covering, falling in straight lines from the shoulders," from Latin mantellum "cloak" (source of Italian mantello, Old High German mantal, German Mantel, Old Norse mötull), perhaps from a Celtic source, or, if the Latin word is the same word as mantelum, mantelium "a cloth, hand-towel, napkin," perhaps it is from manus "hand."

Reinforced and altered 12c. by cognate Old French mantel "cloak, mantle; bedspread, cover" (Modern French manteau), also from the Latin source. Figurative sense "that which enshrouds, something that conceals, a covering" is from c. 1300. Allusive use for "symbol of literary authority or artistic pre-eminence" (by 1789) is from Elijah's mantle (II Kings ii.13). As a layer of the earth between the crust and core (though not originally distinguished from the core) it is attested from 1940. To take (originally have) the mantel (and the ring) was a symbolic act done before a bishop by a widow, indicating a vow of chastity (c. 1400).

mantle (v.)

early 13c., mantelen, "to wrap or cover in a mantle," from mantle (n.) or from Old French manteler, from the noun in French. The figurative sense of "to obscure or protect by covering up" is from mid-15c. Intransitive sense of "become covered with a coating" (of liquids) is from 1620s; that of "become suffused" (as with blushes or color) is by 1707. Related: Mantled; mantling.

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Definitions of mantle
1
mantle (n.)
the cloak as a symbol of authority;
place the mantle of authority on younger shoulders
mantle (n.)
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core;
mantle (n.)
anything that covers;
Synonyms: blanket
mantle (n.)
(zoology) a protective layer of epidermis in mollusks or brachiopods that secretes a substance forming the shell;
Synonyms: pallium
mantle (n.)
shelf that projects from wall above fireplace;
Synonyms: mantel / mantelpiece / mantlepiece / chimneypiece
mantle (n.)
hanging cloth used as a blind (especially for a window);
Synonyms: curtain / drape / drapery / pall
mantle (n.)
a sleeveless garment like a cloak but shorter;
Synonyms: cape
2
mantle (v.)
spread over a surface, like a mantle;
mantle (v.)
cover like a mantle;
The ivy mantles the building
3
Mantle (n.)
United States baseball player (1931-1997);
Synonyms: Mickey Mantle / Mickey Charles Mantle
From wordnet.princeton.edu