Etymology
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Manchu

1650s, member of Tungusic race of Manchuria which conquered China in 1644 and remained its ruling class until the Revolution of 1912. From a native word in the Manchu language meaning literally "pure," used as the name of the tribe descended from the Nu-chen Tartars.

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Definitions of Manchu

Manchu (n.)
a member of the Manchu speaking people of Manchuria; related to the Tungus; conquered China in the 17th century;
Manchu (n.)
the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries; during the Qing dynasty China was ruled by the Manchu;
Synonyms: Qing / Qing dynasty / Ch'ing / Ch'ing dynasty / Manchu dynasty
Manchu (n.)
the Tungusic language spoken by the Manchu;
From wordnet.princeton.edu