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mah-jongg (n.)

tile-based game originally from China, 1922, from dialectal Chinese (Shanghai) ma chiang, name of the game, literally "sparrows," from ma "hemp" + chiang "little birds." The game so called from the design of the pieces. It had a vogue in Europe and the U.S. 1922-23 and for a time threatened to supplant bridge in popularity.

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Definitions of mah-jongg from WordNet

Mah-Jongg (n.)
Chinese game played by 4 people with 144 tiles;
Synonyms: mahjong
From wordnet.princeton.edu