Etymology
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magistrate (n.)

late 14c., "a civil officer in charge of administering laws," also "office or function of a magistrate," from Old French magistrat, from Latin magistratus "a magistrate, public functionary," originally "magisterial rank or office," from magistrare "serve as a magistrate," from magister "chief, director" (see master (n.)). From late 17c. often meaning "justice of the peace" or other minor officials having criminal jurisdiction.

Origin and meaning of magistrate

updated on October 13, 2021

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Definitions of magistrate from WordNet

magistrate (n.)
a lay judge or civil authority who administers the law (especially one who conducts a court dealing with minor offenses);
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.