Etymology
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magistrate (n.)

late 14c., "a civil officer in charge of administering laws," also "office or function of a magistrate," from Old French magistrat, from Latin magistratus "a magistrate, public functionary," originally "magisterial rank or office," from magistrare "serve as a magistrate," from magister "chief, director" (see master (n.)). From late 17c. often meaning "justice of the peace" or other minor officials having criminal jurisdiction.

Origin and meaning of magistrate

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Definitions of magistrate

magistrate (n.)
a lay judge or civil authority who administers the law (especially one who conducts a court dealing with minor offenses);
From wordnet.princeton.edu