Etymology
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lunge (n.)

1735, "a thrust with a sword," originally a fencing term, shortened from allonge, from French allonger "to extend, thrust," from Old French alongier "to lengthen, make long," from à "to" + Old French long, from Latin longus "long" (see long (adj.)).

lunge (v.)

"to thrust," as in fencing, 1735 (implied in lunged), from lunge (n.). Sense of "make a sudden forward rush" is from 1821. Related: Lunging.

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Definitions of lunge
1
lunge (n.)
the act of moving forward suddenly;
Synonyms: lurch
lunge (n.)
(fencing) an attacking thrust made with one foot forward and the back leg straight and with the sword arm outstretched forward;
Synonyms: straight thrust / passado
2
lunge (v.)
make a thrusting forward movement;
Synonyms: hurl / hurtle / thrust
From wordnet.princeton.edu