also longhair, 1893, "cat with long hair," from long (adj.) + hair (n.). As "intellectual," especially in musical tastes, "devotee of classical music," 1920 (late 19c. long hair was noted as a characteristic of classical musicians, perhaps inspired by the famous locks of Liszt). Sense of "hippie" attested from 1969. The adjective long-haired is attested from mid-15c.
Forty years ago, a music teacher who was not born abroad and who did not wear long hair was regarded with suspicion. He was spurious—not the real thing. On the face of it he could not be a good musician. [W. Francis Gates, in "The Music Student," vol. i, no. 3, October 1915]