Etymology
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Words related to local

locus (n.)
(plural loci), 1715, "place, spot, locality," from Latin locus "a place, spot; appointed place, position; locality, region, country; degree, rank, order; topic, subject," from Old Latin stlocus, a word of uncertain origin. Used by Latin writers for Greek topos. Mathematical sense by 1750.
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localism (n.)
1803, "attachment to a particular locality," from local (adj.) + -ism. Always tending toward "limitation through local attachment, provincialism." Meaning "something (especially a way of speech) characteristic of a particular locality" is from 1823.
localist (n.)
"one focused on local conditions," 1680s, from local (adj.) + -ist. Related: Localistic "tending to see things as of local nature or origin" (1882).
localitis (n.)
"obsession with the problems of one's locality and consequent failure to see big pictures," 1943, U.S. World War II jargon, originally of military strategists, from local (adj.) + transferred use of medical suffix -itis.
localize (v.)
"make local, assign to a particular place," 1792, from local (adj.) + -ize. Related: Localized; localizing; localizable (1847, originally of diseases).
locally (adv.)
mid-15c., "with respect to space or place," from local (adj.) + -ly (2). From 1803 as "with regard to a particular place or region."
locavore (n.)
one who eats only locally grown or raised food, by 2001, from local (adj.) + ending abstracted from carnivore, etc., ultimately from Latin vorare "to devour" (from PIE root *gwora- "food, devouring").
matrilocal (adj.)

1897, from matri- + local. Applied to the custom in certain social groups for a married couple to settle in the wife's home or community.

neolocal (adj.)

"Denoting a place of residence chosen by a newly-married couple which is independent of parental or family ties" [OED], 1949, from neo- "new" + local (adj.). Related: Neolocally.

patrilocal (adj.)

1906, in reference to the customs of certain social groups where a married couple settles in the husband's house or community, from patri- + local (adj.).