Etymology
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litigant (n.)

1650s; earlier as an adjective (1630s), from French litigant or directly from Latin litigantem (nominative litigans), present participle of litigare "to dispute, quarrel, strive, carry on a suit" (see litigation).

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Definitions of litigant

litigant (n.)
(law) a party to a lawsuit; someone involved in litigation;
plaintiffs and defendants are both litigants
Synonyms: litigator
From wordnet.princeton.edu