Etymology
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like (adj.)

"having the same characteristics or qualities" (as another), c. 1200, lik, shortening of y-lik, from Old English gelic "like, similar," from Proto-Germanic *(ga)leika- "having the same form," literally "with a corresponding body" (source also of Old Saxon gilik, Dutch gelijk, German gleich, Gothic galeiks "equally, like").

This is a compound of *ga- "with, together" + the Germanic root *lik- "body, form; like, same" (source also of Old English lic "body, corpse;" see lich). Etymologically analogous to Latin conform. The modern form (rather than *lich) may be from a northern descendant of the Old English word's Norse cognate, glikr.

Formerly with comparative liker and superlative likest (still in use 17c.). The preposition (c. 1200) and the adverb (c. 1300) both are from the adjective. As a conjunction, first attested early 16c., short for like as, like unto. Colloquial like to "almost, nearly" ("I like to died laughing") is 17c., short for was like to/had like to "come near to, was likely." To feel like "want to, be in the mood for" is 1863, originally American English. Proverbial pattern as in like father, like son is recorded from 1540s.

Meaning "such as" ("A Town Like Alice") attested from 1886. The word has been used as a postponed filler ("going really fast, like") from 1778; as a presumed emphatic ("going, like, really fast") from 1950, originally in counterculture slang and bop talk. Phrase more like it "closer to what is desired" is from 1888.

like (v.)

Old English lician "to please, be pleasing, be sufficient," from Proto-Germanic *likjan (source also of Old Norse lika, Old Saxon likon, Old Frisian likia, Dutch lijken "to suit," Old High German lihhen, Gothic leikan "to please"), from *lik- "body, form; like, same."

The sense development is unclear; perhaps "to be like" (see like (adj.)), thus, "to be suitable." Like (and dislike) originally were impersonal and the liking flowed the other way: "The music likes you not" ["The Two Gentlemen of Verona"]. The modern flow began to appear late 14c. (compare please). Related: Liked; liking.

like (n.)

"a similar thing" (to another), late Old English, from like (adj.). From c. 1300 as "an equal, a match." The like "something similar" is from 1550s; the likes of is from 1630s.

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Definitions of like
1
like (v.)
prefer or wish to do something;
Would you like to come along to the movies?
Synonyms: wish / care
like (v.)
find enjoyable or agreeable;
I like jogging
She likes to read Russian novels
like (v.)
be fond of;
I like my nephews
like (v.)
feel about or towards; consider, evaluate, or regard;
How did you like the President's speech last night?
like (v.)
want to have;
I'd like a beer now!
2
like (adj.)
having the same or similar characteristics;
Synonyms: alike / similar
like (adj.)
resembling or similar; having the same or some of the same characteristics; often used in combination;
a limited circle of like minds
suits of like design
members of the cat family have like dispositions
as like as two peas in a pod
Synonyms: similar
like (adj.)
equal in amount or value;
gave one six blows and the other a like number
like amounts
Synonyms: same
like (adj.)
conforming in every respect;
the like period of the preceding year
3
like (n.)
a similar kind;
dogs, foxes, and the like
we don't want the likes of you around here
Synonyms: the like / the likes of
like (n.)
a kind of person;
We'll not see his like again
Synonyms: ilk
From wordnet.princeton.edu