Etymology
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land (n.)

Old English lond, land, "ground, soil," also "definite portion of the earth's surface, home region of a person or a people, territory marked by political boundaries," from Proto-Germanic *landja- (source also of Old Norse, Old Frisian Dutch, Gothic land, German Land), perhaps from PIE *lendh- (2) "land, open land, heath" (source also of Old Irish land, Middle Welsh llan "an open space," Welsh llan "enclosure, church," Breton lann "heath," source of French lande; Old Church Slavonic ledina "waste land, heath," Czech lada "fallow land"). But Boutkan finds no IE etymology and suspects a substratum word in Germanic,

Etymological evidence and Gothic use indicates the original Germanic sense was "a definite portion of the earth's surface owned by an individual or home of a nation." The meaning was early extended to "solid surface of the earth," a sense which once had belonged to the ancestor of Modern English earth (n.). Original senses of land in English now tend to go with country. To take the lay of the land is a nautical expression. In the American English exclamation land's sakes (1846) land is a euphemism for Lord.

land (v.1)

Old English lendan "to bring to land" (transitive), early 13c., from the source of land (n.). Intransitive sense "come to shore, go ashore, disembark" is from c. 1200. Spelling and pronunciation probably were influenced by the noun. Originally of ships; of fish, in the angling sense, from 1610s; hence figurative sense of "to obtain" (a job, etc.), first recorded 1854. Of aircraft, attested from 1916. Related: Landed; landing.

land (v.2)

"to make contact, to hit home" (of a blow, etc.), by 1881, perhaps altered from lend (v.) in a playful sense, or else a sense extension of land (v.1).

updated on December 07, 2018

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Definitions of land from WordNet
1
land (n.)
the land on which real estate is located;
he built the house on land leased from the city
land (n.)
material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use);
the land had never been plowed
Synonyms: ground / soil
land (n.)
territory over which rule or control is exercised;
he made it the law of the land
Synonyms: domain / demesne
land (n.)
the solid part of the earth's surface;
the plane turned away from the sea and moved back over land
Synonyms: dry land / earth / ground / solid ground / terra firma
land (n.)
the territory occupied by a nation;
he returned to the land of his birth
Synonyms: country / state
land (n.)
a domain in which something is dominant;
a land of make-believe
Synonyms: kingdom / realm
land (n.)
extensive landed property (especially in the country) retained by the owner for his own use;
Synonyms: estate / landed estate / acres / demesne
land (n.)
the people who live in a nation or country;
Synonyms: nation / country
land (n.)
a politically organized body of people under a single government;
an industrialized land
Synonyms: state / nation / country / commonwealth / res publica / body politic
land (n.)
agriculture considered as an occupation or way of life;
there's no work on the land any more
Synonyms: farming
2
land (v.)
reach or come to rest;
The bird landed on the highest branch
The plane landed in Istanbul
Synonyms: set down
land (v.)
cause to come to the ground;
the pilot managed to land the airplane safely
Synonyms: put down / bring down
land (v.)
bring into a different state;
this may land you in jail
Synonyms: bring
land (v.)
bring ashore;
The drug smugglers landed the heroin on the beach of the island
land (v.)
deliver (a blow);
He landed several blows on his opponent's head
land (v.)
arrive on shore;
The ship landed in Pearl Harbor
Synonyms: set ashore / shore
land (v.)
shoot at and force to come down;
the enemy landed several of our aircraft
Synonyms: down / shoot down
3
Land (n.)
United States inventor who incorporated Polaroid film into lenses and invented the one step photographic process (1909-1991);
Synonyms: Din Land / Edwin Herbert Land
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.