Etymology
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lament (v.)

mid-15c., back-formation from lamentation or else from Old French lamenter "to moan, bewail" (14c.) and directly from Latin lamentari "to wail, moan, weep, lament," from lamentum "a wailing, moaning, weeping." Related: Lamented; lamenting.

lament (n.)

1590s, "expression of sorrow or grief," from French lament and directly from Latin lamentum "a wailing, moaning, weeping" (see lamentation). From 1690s as "a mourning song."

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Definitions of lament
1
lament (n.)
a cry of sorrow and grief;
their pitiful laments could be heard throughout the ward
Synonyms: lamentation / plaint / wail
lament (n.)
a song or hymn of mourning composed or performed as a memorial to a dead person;
Synonyms: dirge / coronach / requiem / threnody
lament (n.)
a mournful poem; a lament for the dead;
Synonyms: elegy
2
lament (v.)
express grief verbally;
we lamented the death of the child
Synonyms: keen
lament (v.)
regret strongly;
we lamented the loss of benefits
Synonyms: deplore / bewail / bemoan
From wordnet.princeton.edu