Etymology
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justice (n.)

mid-12c., "the exercise of authority in vindication of right by assigning reward or punishment;" also "quality of being fair and just; moral soundness and conformity to truth," from Old French justice "justice, legal rights, jurisdiction" (11c.), from Latin iustitia "righteousness, equity," from iustus "upright, just" (see just (adj.)).

Justice is the end of government. It is the end of civil society. It ever has been and ever will be pursued until it be obtained, or until liberty be lost in the pursuit. ["The Federalist," No. 51]

Meaning "right order, equity, the rewarding to everyone of that which is his due" in English is from late 14c. The Old French word had widespread senses including also "uprightness, equity, vindication of right, court of justice, judge." To the Greek philosophers (Plato, Aristotle) the notion was of each thing in its proper sphere or serving its proper purpose; inequality of aptitudes and outcomes was implied.

In English c. 1400-1700 sometimes also with a vindictive sense "infliction of punishment, legal vengeance." As a title for a judicial officer, c. 1200. Justice of the peace is attested from early 14c. To do justice to (someone or something) "deal with as is right or fitting" is from 1670s. In the Mercian hymns, Latin iustitia is glossed by Old English rehtwisnisse.

updated on May 07, 2022

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Definitions of justice from WordNet
1
justice (n.)
the quality of being just or fair;
Synonyms: justness
justice (n.)
judgment involved in the determination of rights and the assignment of rewards and punishments;
justice (n.)
a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice;
Synonyms: judge / jurist
2
Justice (n.)
the United States federal department responsible for enforcing federal laws (including the enforcement of all civil rights legislation); created in 1870;
Synonyms: Department of Justice / Justice Department / DoJ
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.