Etymology
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jump (v.)

1520s, "make a spring from the ground" (intransitive), a word with no apparent source in Old or Middle English, perhaps imitative (compare bump (v.)); another theory derives it from words in Gallo-Roman dialects of southwestern France (such as jumba "to rock, to balance, swing," yumpa "to rock") and says it might have been picked up during the Hundred Years War. Similarities have been noted to Swedish dialectal gumpa "spring, jump," German dialectal gampen "jump, hop," but OED finds no basis for a relationship.

It has superseded native leap, bound, and spring in most senses. Meaning "pass abruptly from one state to another" is from 1570s. Meaning "move suddenly with a leap" is from 1724. The transitive meaning "to attack, pounce upon" is from 1789; that of "to do the sex act with" is from 1630s. Related: Jumped; jumping.

Sense in checkers is from 1862. To jump to "obey readily" is from 1886. To jump to a conclusion is from 1704. To jump rope is from 1853; Jumping-rope (n.) is from 1805. Basketball jump-shot "shot made while the player is in the air" is from 1934; also used of billiard shots. Jump in a lake as a dismissive invitation is attested from 1912.

jump (n.)

1550s, "an act of jumping," from jump (v.). Figurative meaning "sudden abrupt rise" is from 1650s. Meaning "abrupt transition from one point to another" is from 1670s. Sense of "a parachute descent" is from 1922. Meaning "jazz music with a strong beat" first recorded 1937, in Count Basie's "One O'Clock Jump." Jump suit "one-piece coverall modeled on those worn by paratroopers and skydivers" is from 1948. To get a jump on "get ahead, get moving" is from 1910, perhaps a figurative use from the jump-spark that ignites an engine.

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Definitions of jump
1
jump (v.)
move forward by leaps and bounds;
Can you jump over the fence?
Synonyms: leap / bound / spring
jump (v.)
move or jump suddenly, as if in surprise or alarm;
Synonyms: startle / start
jump (v.)
make a sudden physical attack on;
The muggers jumped the woman in the fur coat
jump (v.)
increase suddenly and significantly;
Prices jumped overnight
jump (v.)
be highly noticeable;
Synonyms: leap out / jump out / stand out / stick out
jump (v.)
enter eagerly into;
He jumped into the game
jump (v.)
rise in rank or status;
Her new novel jumped high on the bestseller list
Synonyms: rise / climb up
jump (v.)
jump down from an elevated point;
every year, hundreds of people jump off the Golden Gate bridge
the parachutist didn't want to jump
Synonyms: leap / jump off
jump (v.)
run off or leave the rails;
Synonyms: derail
jump (v.)
jump from an airplane and descend with a parachute;
Synonyms: chute / parachute
jump (v.)
cause to jump or leap;
the trainer jumped the tiger through the hoop
Synonyms: leap
jump (v.)
start (a car engine whose battery is dead) by connecting it to another car's battery;
Synonyms: jumpstart / jump-start
jump (v.)
bypass;
Synonyms: pass over / skip / skip over
jump (v.)
pass abruptly from one state or topic to another;
jump to a conclusion
jump from one thing to another
Synonyms: leap
jump (v.)
go back and forth; swing back and forth between two states or conditions;
Synonyms: alternate
2
jump (n.)
a sudden and decisive increase;
a jump in attendance
Synonyms: leap
jump (n.)
an abrupt transition;
Synonyms: leap / saltation
jump (n.)
(film) an abrupt transition from one scene to another;
jump (n.)
a sudden involuntary movement;
Synonyms: startle / start
jump (n.)
descent with a parachute;
Synonyms: parachuting
jump (n.)
the act of jumping; propelling yourself off the ground;
the jumping was unexpected
he advanced in a series of jumps
Synonyms: jumping
From wordnet.princeton.edu