Etymology
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judiciary (adj.)

"relating to courts," early 15c., from Latin iudiciarius "of or belonging to a court of justice," from iudicium "judgment, court of justice," from iudicem "a judge" (see judge (n.)). The noun meaning "a body of judges, judges collectively" is from 1788 (judicature was used in this sense from 1590s).

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Definitions of judiciary

judiciary (n.)
persons who administer justice;
Synonyms: bench
judiciary (n.)
the system of law courts that administer justice and constitute the judicial branch of government;
Synonyms: judicature / judicatory / judicial system
From wordnet.princeton.edu