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judgment (n.)

mid-13c., jugement, "action of trying at law, trial," also "capacity for making decisions," from Old French jugement "legal judgment; diagnosis; the Last Judgment" (11c.), from jugier "to judge" (see judge (v.)).

From late 13c. as "penalty imposed by a court;" early 14c. as "any authoritative decision, verdict in a court case." From late 14c. in reference to the final trial of the human race in a future state (Judgment Day attested from late 14c.). Also from c. 1300 as "opinion." Sense of "discernment" is first recorded 1530s. By 1610s as "a divine allotment, event regarded as an expression of divine displeasure."

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Definitions of judgment from WordNet

judgment (n.)
an opinion formed by judging something;
he was reluctant to make his judgment known
Synonyms: judgement / mind
judgment (n.)
the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event;
they criticized my judgment of the contestants
Synonyms: judgement / assessment
judgment (n.)
(law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction on matters submitted to it;
Synonyms: judgement / judicial decision
judgment (n.)
the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions;
Synonyms: judgement / judging
judgment (n.)
the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision;
Synonyms: opinion / legal opinion / judgement
judgment (n.)
the capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly and to draw sound conclusions;
Synonyms: judgement / sound judgment / sound judgement / perspicacity
judgment (n.)
the mental ability to understand and discriminate between relations;
Synonyms: sagacity / sagaciousness / judgement / discernment
From wordnet.princeton.edu