Advertisement

jerk (v.1)

"to pull with sudden energy," 1580s; earlier "to lash, strike as with a whip" (1540s, surviving only in dialect), of uncertain origin, perhaps echoic. Intransitive sense of "make a sudden spasmodic motion" is from c. 1600. Compare Middle English yerkid, an adjective apparently meaning "pulled tight" (early 15c.), which has the form of a past participle. Also compare Middle English ferken "move hastily; drive (something) forward," from Old English fercian "to proceed." Related: Jerked; jerking.

jerk (n.1)

1550s, "stroke of a whip," from jerk (v.1). Sense of "sudden sharp pull or twist" is by 1570s. Meaning "involuntary spasmodic movement of limbs or features" recorded from 1805. As the name of a popular dance, it is attested from 1966.

jerk (n.2)

"tedious and ineffectual person," 1935, American English carnival slang, of uncertain origin. Perhaps from jerkwater "petty, inferior, insignificant" [Barnhart, OED]; alternatively from, or influenced by, verbal phrase jerk off "masturbate" [Rawson]. The lyric in "Big Rock Candy Mountain," sometimes offered as evidence of earlier use, apparently is "Where they hung the Turk [not jerk] that invented work."

A soda-jerk (1915; soda-jerker is from 1883) is so called for the pulling motion required to work the taps.

The SODA-FOUNTAIN CLERK
Consider now the meek and humble soda-fountain clerk,
Who draweth off the moistened air with nimble turn and jerk,
 
[etc., Bulletin of Pharmacy, August, 1902]

jerk (v.2)

"preserve (meat) by cutting into long thin strips and drying in the sun," 1707, American English, from American Spanish carquear, from charqui (see jerky). Related: Jerked.

Others are reading

Advertisement
Advertisement
Definitions of jerk from WordNet
1
jerk (n.)
a dull stupid fatuous person;
Synonyms: dork
jerk (n.)
an abrupt spasmodic movement;
Synonyms: jerking / jolt / saccade
jerk (n.)
(mechanics) the rate of change of acceleration;
jerk (n.)
meat (especially beef) cut in strips and dried in the sun;
Synonyms: jerky / jerked meat
jerk (n.)
raising a weight from shoulder height to above the head by straightening the arms;
jerk (n.)
a sudden abrupt pull;
Synonyms: tug
2
jerk (v.)
pull, or move with a sudden movement;
He turned the handle and jerked the door open
Synonyms: yank
jerk (v.)
move with abrupt, seemingly uncontrolled motions;
Synonyms: twitch
jerk (v.)
make an uncontrolled, short, jerky motion;
Synonyms: twitch
jerk (v.)
jump vertically, with legs stiff and back arched;
Synonyms: buck / hitch
jerk (v.)
throw or toss with a quick motion;
jerk his head
Synonyms: flick
From wordnet.princeton.edu