Etymology
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japonica (n.)

"camellia," 1819, Modern Latin, fem. of japonicus "Japanese, of Japan," from Japon, a variant of Japan with a vowel closer to the Japanese name.

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Definitions of japonica

japonica (n.)
greenhouse shrub with glossy green leaves and showy fragrant rose-like flowers; cultivated in many varieties;
Synonyms: Camellia japonica
japonica (n.)
deciduous thorny shrub native to Japan having red blossoms;
Synonyms: maule's quince / Chaenomeles japonica
From wordnet.princeton.edu