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inspire (v.)

mid-14c., enspiren, "to fill (the mind, heart, etc., with grace, etc.);" also "to prompt or induce (someone to do something)," from Old French enspirer (13c.), from Latin inspirare "blow into, breathe upon," figuratively "inspire, excite, inflame," from in- "in" (from PIE root *en "in") + spirare "to breathe" (see spirit (n.)).

The Latin word was used as a loan-translation of Greek pnein in the Bible. General sense of "influence or animate with an idea or purpose" is from late 14c. Also sometimes used in literal sense in Middle English. Related: Inspires; inspiring.

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Definitions of inspire from WordNet

inspire (v.)
heighten or intensify;
Synonyms: animate / invigorate / enliven / exalt
inspire (v.)
supply the inspiration for;
The article about the artist inspired the exhibition of his recent work
inspire (v.)
serve as the inciting cause of;
Synonyms: prompt / instigate
inspire (v.)
spur on or encourage especially by cheers and shouts;
Synonyms: cheer / root on / urge / barrack / urge on / exhort / pep up
inspire (v.)
fill with revolutionary ideas;
Synonyms: revolutionize / revolutionise
inspire (v.)
draw in (air);
The lung cancer patient cannot inspire air very well
Synonyms: inhale / breathe in
From wordnet.princeton.edu