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inflate (v.)

early 15c., "cause to swell," from Latin inflatus (source also of Italian enfiare, Spanish inflar, French enfler), past participle of inflare "blow into, puff up," figuratively "inspire, encourage," from in- "into" (from PIE root *en "in") + flare "to blow" (from PIE root *bhle- "to blow"). Economics sense (of prices, currency, etc.) is from 1843. In some senses a back-formation from inflation. Related: Inflated; inflating.

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Definitions of inflate

inflate (v.)
exaggerate or make bigger;
The charges were inflated
Synonyms: blow up / expand / amplify
inflate (v.)
fill with gas or air;
inflate a balloons
Synonyms: blow up
inflate (v.)
cause prices to rise by increasing the available currency or credit;
The war inflated the economy
inflate (v.)
increase the amount or availability of, creating a rise in value;
inflate the currency
inflate (v.)
become inflated;
Synonyms: balloon / billow
From wordnet.princeton.edu