Etymology
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inferior (adj.)

early 15c., of land, "low, lower down, lower in position," from Latin inferior "lower, farther down" (also used figuratively), comparative of inferus (adj.) "that is below or beneath," from infra "below" (see infra-). Meaning "lower in degree, rank, grade, or importance" is from 1530s; absolutely, "of low quality or rank," also from 1530s.

inferior (n.)

"person inferior to another in rank, etc.," early 15c., from inferior (adj.).

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Definitions of inferior
1
inferior (adj.)
of or characteristic of low rank or importance;
inferior (adj.)
of low or inferior quality;
inferior (adj.)
written or printed below and to one side of another character;
Synonyms: subscript
inferior (adj.)
having an orbit between the sun and the Earth's orbit;
Mercury and Venus are inferior planets
inferior (adj.)
lower than a given reference point;
inferior alveolar artery
inferior (adj.)
falling short of some prescribed norm;
Synonyms: deficient / substandard
2
inferior (n.)
one of lesser rank or station or quality;
inferior (n.)
a character or symbol set or printed or written beneath or slightly below and to the side of another character;
Synonyms: subscript
From wordnet.princeton.edu