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infer (v.)

in logic, "to 'bring in' as a conclusion of a process of reasoning," 1520s, from Latin inferre "bring into, carry in; deduce, infer, conclude, draw an inference; bring against," from in- "in" (from PIE root *en "in") + ferre "to carry, to bear," from PIE root *bher- (1) "to carry; to bear children." General sense of "draw a conclusion" is first attested 1520s; intransitive sense is from 1570s.

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Definitions of infer from WordNet

infer (v.)
reason by deduction; establish by deduction;
Synonyms: deduce / deduct / derive
infer (v.)
draw from specific cases for more general cases;
Synonyms: generalize / generalise / extrapolate
infer (v.)
conclude by reasoning; in logic;
Synonyms: deduce
infer (v.)
guess correctly; solve by guessing;
Synonyms: guess
infer (v.)
believe to be the case;
Synonyms: understand
From wordnet.princeton.edu