Etymology
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image (n.)

c. 1200, "piece of statuary; artificial representation that looks like a person or thing," from Old French image "image, likeness; figure, drawing, portrait; reflection; statue," earlier imagene (11c.), from Latin imaginem (nominative imago) "copy, imitation, likeness; statue, picture," also "phantom, ghost, apparition," figuratively "idea, appearance," from stem of imitari "to copy, imitate" (from PIE root *aim- "to copy").

Meaning "reflection in a mirror" is early 14c. The mental sense was in Latin, and appears in English late 14c. Sense of "public impression" is attested in isolated cases from 1908 but not in common use until its rise in the jargon of advertising and public relations, c. 1958.

To þe ymage of god he made hym [Genesis i.27, Wycliffite Bible, early version, 1382]

image (v.)

late 14c., "to form a mental picture (of something), imagine," from Old French imagier, from image (see image (n.)). Related: Imaged; imaging.

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Definitions of image
1
image (n.)
an iconic mental representation;
her imagination forced images upon her too awful to contemplate
Synonyms: mental image
image (n.)
(Jungian psychology) a personal facade that one presents to the world;
a public image is as fragile as Humpty Dumpty
Synonyms: persona
image (n.)
a visual representation (of an object or scene or person or abstraction) produced on a surface;
a movie is a series of images projected so rapidly that the eye integrates them
Synonyms: picture / icon / ikon
image (n.)
a standard or typical example;
he provided America with an image of the good father
Synonyms: prototype / paradigm / epitome
image (n.)
language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense;
Synonyms: trope / figure of speech / figure
image (n.)
someone who closely resembles a famous person (especially an actor);
she's the very image of her mother
Synonyms: double / look-alike
image (n.)
(mathematics) the set of values of the dependent variable for which a function is defined;
the image of f(x) = x^2 is the set of all non-negative real numbers if the domain of the function is the set of all real numbers
Synonyms: range / range of a function
image (n.)
the general impression that something (a person or organization or product) presents to the public;
although her popular image was contrived it served to inspire music and pageantry
the company tried to project an altruistic image
image (n.)
a representation of a person (especially in the form of sculpture);
the emperor's tomb had his image carved in stone
Synonyms: effigy / simulacrum
2
image (v.)
render visible, as by means of MRI;
image (v.)
imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind;
From wordnet.princeton.edu