Etymology
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icterus (n.)

"jaundice," 1706, medical Latin, from Greek ikteros "jaundice," also the name of a yellowish bird the sight of which was supposed, by sympathetic magic, to cure jaundice (but the bird died). As a zoological genus (American orioles), from 1713.

updated on October 04, 2015

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Definitions of icterus from WordNet
1
icterus (n.)
yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood; can be a symptom of gallstones or liver infection or anemia;
Synonyms: jaundice
2
Icterus (n.)
type genus of the Icteridae;
Synonyms: genus Icterus
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.