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hurt (v.)

c. 1200, "to injure, wound" (the body, feelings, reputation, etc.), also "to stumble (into), bump into; charge against, rush, crash into; knock (things) together," from Old French hurter "to ram, strike, collide with" (Modern French heurter), a word of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Frankish *hurt "ram" (source also of Middle High German hurten "run at, collide," Old Norse hrutr "ram," Middle Dutch horten "to knock, dash against").

Celtic origins also have been proposed. The English usage is as old as the French, and perhaps there was a native Old English *hyrtan, but it has not been recorded.

Passive (intransitive) use "feel or experience pain" has been occasional in modern English; current usage dates from c. 1902. Meaning "to be a source of pain" (of a body part) is from 1850. Sense of "knock" died out 17c., but compare hurtle (v.). To hurt (one's) feelings attested by 1779. Other Germanic languages tend to use their form of English scathe in this sense (Danish skade, Swedish skada, German schaden, Dutch schaden).

hurt (n.)

c. 1200, "a wound, an injury;" also "sorrow, lovesickness," from hurt (v.). Old French had hurte (n.), but the sense "injury" is only in English.

hurt (adj.)

"wounded, injured," c. 1400, past-participle adjective from hurt (v.).

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Definitions of hurt from WordNet
1
hurt (v.)
be the source of pain;
Synonyms: ache / smart
hurt (v.)
give trouble or pain to;
This exercise will hurt your back
hurt (v.)
cause emotional anguish or make miserable;
Synonyms: pain / anguish
hurt (v.)
cause damage or affect negatively;
Our business was hurt by the new competition
Synonyms: injure
hurt (v.)
hurt the feelings of;
She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests
Synonyms: wound / injure / bruise / offend / spite
hurt (v.)
feel physical pain;
Were you hurting after the accident?
Synonyms: ache / suffer
hurt (v.)
feel pain or be in pain;
Synonyms: suffer
2
hurt (n.)
any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.;
Synonyms: injury / harm / trauma
hurt (n.)
psychological suffering;
Synonyms: distress / suffering
hurt (n.)
feelings of mental or physical pain;
Synonyms: suffering
hurt (n.)
a damage or loss;
Synonyms: detriment
hurt (n.)
the act of damaging something or someone;
Synonyms: damage / harm / scathe
3
hurt (adj.)
suffering from physical injury especially that suffered in battle;
ambulances...for the hurt men and women
Synonyms: wounded
hurt (adj.)
damaged; used of inanimate objects or their value;
Synonyms: weakened
From wordnet.princeton.edu