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humor (n.)

mid-14c., "fluid or juice of an animal or plant," from Old North French humour "liquid, dampness; (medical) humor" (Old French humor, umor; Modern French humeur), from Latin umor "body fluid" (also humor, by false association with humus "earth"); related to umere "be wet, moist," and to uvescere "become wet" (see humid).

In old medicine, "any of the four body fluids" (blood, phlegm, choler, and melancholy or black bile).

The human body had four humors—blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile—which, in turn, were associated with particular organs. Blood came from the heart, phlegm from the brain, yellow bile from the liver, and black bile from the spleen. Galen and Avicenna attributed certain elemental qualities to each humor. Blood was hot and moist, like air; phlegm was cold and moist, like water; yellow bile was hot and dry, like fire; and black bile was cold and dry, like earth. In effect, the human body was a microcosm of the larger world. [Robert S. Gottfried, "The Black Death," 1983]

 Their relative proportions were thought to determine physical condition and state of mind. This gave humor an extended sense of "mood, temporary state of mind" (recorded from 1520s); the sense of "amusing quality, funniness, jocular turn of mind" is first recorded 1680s, probably via sense of "whim, caprice" as determined by state of mind (1560s), which also produced the verb sense of "indulge (someone's) fancy or disposition." Modern French has them as doublets: humeur "disposition, mood, whim;" humour "humor." "The pronunciation of the initial h is only of recent date, and is sometimes omitted ..." [OED].

For aid in distinguishing the various devices that tend to be grouped under "humor," this guide, from Henry W. Fowler ["Modern English Usage," 1926] may be of use:

HUMOR: motive/aim: discovery; province: human nature; method/means: observation; audience: the sympathetic
WIT: motive/aim: throwing light; province: words & ideas; method/means: surprise; audience: the intelligent
SATIRE: motive/aim: amendment; province: morals & manners; method/means: accentuation; audience: the self-satisfied
SARCASM: motive/aim: inflicting pain; province: faults & foibles; method/means: inversion; audience: victim & bystander
INVECTIVE: motive/aim: discredit; province: misconduct; method/means: direct statement; audience: the public
IRONY: motive/aim: exclusiveness; province: statement of facts; method/means: mystification; audience: an inner circle
CYNICISM: motive/aim: self-justification; province: morals; method/means: exposure of nakedness; audience: the respectable
SARDONIC: motive/aim: self-relief; province: adversity; method/means: pessimism; audience: the self

humor (v.)

1580s, "comply with (someone's) fancy or disposition;" see humor (n.). Related: Humored; humoring.

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Definitions of humor
1
humor (n.)
a message whose ingenuity or verbal skill or incongruity has the power to evoke laughter;
Synonyms: wit / humour / witticism / wittiness
humor (n.)
the trait of appreciating (and being able to express) the humorous;
you can't survive in the army without a sense of humor
she didn't appreciate my humor
Synonyms: humour / sense of humor / sense of humour
humor (n.)
a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling;
he was in a bad humor
Synonyms: temper / mood / humour
humor (n.)
the quality of being funny;
I fail to see the humor in it
Synonyms: humour
humor (n.)
(Middle Ages) one of the four fluids in the body whose balance was believed to determine your emotional and physical state;
the humors are blood and phlegm and yellow and black bile
Synonyms: humour
humor (n.)
the liquid parts of the body;
Synonyms: liquid body substance / bodily fluid / body fluid / humour
2
humor (v.)
put into a good mood;
Synonyms: humour
From wordnet.princeton.edu