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hood (n.1)

"covering," Old English hod "a hood, soft covering for the head" (usually extending over the back of the neck and often attached to a garment worn about the body), from Proto-Germanic *hōd- (source also of Old Saxon, Old Frisian hod "hood," Middle Dutch hoet, Dutch hoed "hat," Old High German huot "helmet, hat," German Hut "hat," Old Frisian hode "guard, protection"), which is of uncertain etymology, perhaps from PIE *kadh- "to cover" (see hat).

Modern spelling is early 1400s to indicate a "long" vowel, which is no longer pronounced as such. Used for hood-like things or animal parts from 17c. Meaning "Foldable or removable cover for a carriage to protect the occupants" is from 1826; meaning "sunshade of a baby-carriage" is by 1866. Meaning "hinged cover for an automobile engine" attested by 1905 (in U.K. generally called a bonnet). Little Red Riding Hood (1729) translates Charles Perrault's Petit Chaperon Rouge ("Contes du Temps Passé" 1697).

hood (n.2)

"gangster," 1930, American English, shortened form of hoodlum.

hood (v.)

c. 1200, "to put a hood on;" c. 1400, "to furnish with a hood," from hood (n.1). Related: Hooded; hooding.

hood (n.3)

shortened form of neighborhood, by 1987, African-American vernacular.

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Definitions of hood from WordNet
1
hood (n.)
an aggressive and violent young criminal;
Synonyms: hoodlum / goon / punk / thug / tough / toughie / strong-armer
hood (n.)
a protective covering that is part of a plant;
Synonyms: cap
hood (n.)
(slang) a neighborhood;
hood (n.)
a tubular attachment used to keep stray light out of the lens of a camera;
Synonyms: lens hood
hood (n.)
(falconry) a leather covering for a hawk's head;
hood (n.)
metal covering leading to a vent that exhausts smoke or fumes;
Synonyms: exhaust hood
hood (n.)
the folding roof of a carriage;
hood (n.)
a headdress that protects the head and face;
hood (n.)
protective covering consisting of a metal part that covers the engine;
there are powerful engines under the hoods of new cars
Synonyms: bonnet / cowl / cowling
hood (n.)
(zoology) an expandable part or marking that resembles a hood on the head or neck of an animal;
2
hood (v.)
cover with a hood;
The bandits were hooded
From wordnet.princeton.edu