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home (n.)

Old English ham "dwelling place, house, abode, fixed residence; estate; village; region, country," from Proto-Germanic *haimaz "home" (source also of Old Frisian hem "home, village," Old Norse heimr "residence, world," heima "home," Danish hjem, Middle Dutch heem, German heim "home," Gothic haims "village"), from PIE *(t)koimo-, suffixed form of root *tkei- "to settle, dwell, be home." As an adjective from 1550s. The old Germanic sense of "village" is preserved in place names and in hamlet.

'Home' in the full range and feeling of [Modern English] home is a conception that belongs distinctively to the word home and some of its Gmc. cognates and is not covered by any single word in most of the IE languages. [Buck]

Slang phrase make (oneself) at home "become comfortable in a place one does not live" dates from 1892 (at home "at one's ease" is from 1510s). To keep the home fires burning is a song title from 1914. To be nothing to write home about "unremarkable" is from 1907. Home movie is from 1919; home computer is from 1967. Home stretch (1841) is from horse racing (see stretch (n.)). Home economics as a school course first attested 1899; the phrase itself by 1879 (as "household management" is the original literal sense of economy, the phrase is etymologically redundant).

Home as the goal in a sport or game is from 1778. Home base in baseball attested by 1856; home plate by 1867. Home team in sports is from 1869; home field "grounds belonging to the local team" is from 1802 (the 1800 citation in OED 2nd ed. print is a date typo, as it refers to baseball in Spokane Falls). Home-field advantage attested from 1955.

home (v.)

1765, "to go home," from home (n.). Meaning "be guided to a destination by radio signals, etc." (of missiles, aircraft, etc.) is from 1920; it had been used earlier in reference to pigeons (1862). Related: Homed; homing. Old English had hamian "to establish in a home."

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Definitions of home from WordNet
1
home (n.)
where you live at a particular time;
deliver the package to my home
he doesn't have a home to go to
Synonyms: place
home (n.)
housing that someone is living in;
they raise money to provide homes for the homeless
Synonyms: dwelling / domicile / abode / habitation / dwelling house
home (n.)
the country or state or city where you live;
Canadian tariffs enabled United States lumber companies to raise prices at home
his home is New Jersey
home (n.)
(baseball) base consisting of a rubber slab where the batter stands; it must be touched by a base runner in order to score;
he ruled that the runner failed to touch home
Synonyms: home plate / home base / plate
home (n.)
the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end;
Synonyms: base
home (n.)
place where something began and flourished;
the United States is the home of basketball
home (n.)
an environment offering affection and security;
home is where the heart is
he grew up in a good Christian home
there's no place like home
home (n.)
a social unit living together;
the teacher asked how many people made up his home
Synonyms: family / household / house / menage
home (n.)
an institution where people are cared for;
a home for the elderly
Synonyms: nursing home / rest home
2
home (adj.)
used of your own ground;
a home game
home (adj.)
inside the country;
Synonyms: interior / internal / national
home (adj.)
relating to or being where one lives or where one's roots are;
my home town
3
home (v.)
provide with, or send to, a home;
home (v.)
return home accurately from a long distance;
From wordnet.princeton.edu