Etymology
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home (n.)

Old English ham "dwelling place, house, abode, fixed residence; estate; village; region, country," from Proto-Germanic *haimaz "home" (source also of Old Frisian hem "home, village," Old Norse heimr "residence, world," heima "home," Danish hjem, Middle Dutch heem, German heim "home," Gothic haims "village"), from PIE *(t)koimo-, suffixed form of root *tkei- "to settle, dwell, be home." As an adjective from 1550s. The old Germanic sense of "village" is preserved in place names and in hamlet.

'Home' in the full range and feeling of [Modern English] home is a conception that belongs distinctively to the word home and some of its Gmc. cognates and is not covered by any single word in most of the IE languages. [Buck]

Slang phrase make (oneself) at home "become comfortable in a place one does not live" dates from 1892 (at home "at one's ease" is from 1510s). To keep the home fires burning is a song title from 1914. To be nothing to write home about "unremarkable" is from 1907. Home movie is from 1919; home computer is from 1967. Home stretch (1841) is from horse racing (see stretch (n.)). Home economics as a school course first attested 1899; the phrase itself by 1879 (as "household management" is the original literal sense of economy, the phrase is etymologically redundant).

Home as the goal in a sport or game is from 1778. Home base in baseball attested by 1856; home plate by 1867. Home team in sports is from 1869; home field "grounds belonging to the local team" is from 1802 (the 1800 citation in OED 2nd ed. print is a date typo, as it refers to baseball in Spokane Falls). Home-field advantage attested from 1955.

home (v.)

1765, "to go home," from home (n.). Meaning "be guided to a destination by radio signals, etc." (of missiles, aircraft, etc.) is from 1920; it had been used earlier in reference to pigeons (1862). Related: Homed; homing. Old English had hamian "to establish in a home."

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Definitions of home
1
home (n.)
where you live at a particular time;
deliver the package to my home
he doesn't have a home to go to
Synonyms: place
home (n.)
housing that someone is living in;
they raise money to provide homes for the homeless
Synonyms: dwelling / domicile / abode / habitation / dwelling house
home (n.)
the country or state or city where you live;
Canadian tariffs enabled United States lumber companies to raise prices at home
his home is New Jersey
home (n.)
(baseball) base consisting of a rubber slab where the batter stands; it must be touched by a base runner in order to score;
he ruled that the runner failed to touch home
Synonyms: home plate / home base / plate
home (n.)
the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end;
Synonyms: base
home (n.)
place where something began and flourished;
the United States is the home of basketball
home (n.)
an environment offering affection and security;
home is where the heart is
he grew up in a good Christian home
there's no place like home
home (n.)
a social unit living together;
the teacher asked how many people made up his home
Synonyms: family / household / house / menage
home (n.)
an institution where people are cared for;
a home for the elderly
Synonyms: nursing home / rest home
2
home (adv.)
at or to or in the direction of one's home or family;
came riding home in style
I'll be home tomorrow
don't forget to write home
I hope you will come home for Christmas
I'll take her home
after the game the children brought friends home for supper
He stays home on weekends
home (adv.)
on or to the point aimed at;
the arrow struck home
home (adv.)
to the fullest extent; to the heart;
drove the nail home
his comments hit home
drove his point home
3
home (adj.)
used of your own ground;
a home game
home (adj.)
inside the country;
Synonyms: interior / internal / national
home (adj.)
relating to or being where one lives or where one's roots are;
my home town
4
home (v.)
provide with, or send to, a home;
home (v.)
return home accurately from a long distance;
From wordnet.princeton.edu