hoist (v.)

1540s, "to raise, lift, elevate," especially with a rope or tackle, earlier hoise (c. 1500), from Middle English hysse (late 15c.), which probably is from Middle Dutch hyssen (Dutch hijsen) "to hoist," related to Low German hissen and Old Norse hissa upp "raise," Danish heise, Swedish hissa. A nautical word found in most European languages (French hisser, Italian issare, Spanish izar), but it is uncertain which coined it. Related: Hoisted; hoisting. In phrase hoist with one's own petard, it is the past participle.

For 'tis the sport, to have the engineer
Hoist with his own petar: and it shall go hard
But I will delve one yard below their mines,
And blow them at the moon: O 'tis most sweet,
When in one line two crafts directly meet.
["Hamlet," Act III, Scene iv]

Meaning "to lift and remove" was prevalent c. 1550-1750. As a noun, 1650s, "act of hoisting;" 1835, "that by which something is hoisted," from the verb.

updated on September 29, 2018

Definitions of hoist from WordNet
hoist (v.)
raise or haul up with or as if with mechanical help;
hoist the bicycle onto the roof of the car
Synonyms: lift / wind
hoist (v.)
move from one place to another by lifting;
They hoisted the patient onto the operating table
hoist (v.)
hoist a sail
hoist the flags
Synonyms: run up
hoist (n.)
lifting device for raising heavy or cumbersome objects;
From, not affiliated with etymonline.